Idiopathic cystitis in cats
There are diseases whose causes are very difficult to trace. A striking example is idiopathic cystitis. In our article, we will talk about its symptoms, prevention and the most likely causes.
Idiopathic cystitis in cats. What is it?
What is idiopathic cystitis? This is an inflammatory process of the bladder and urinary tract, which occurs for no apparent reason, in the absence of infections, stones and crystals.
IC is diagnosed by excluding other diseases, for example, urinary tract infections and urolithiasis. It affects about 2/3 of all cats that have problems with the lower urinary tract.
Idiopathic cystitis is also known as “painful bladder syndrome”, “interstitial cystitis.”
Idiopathic Cystitis: Symptoms
The most common causes of IC include:
– difficulties with urination: the cat tries to go to the tray, but she does not succeed;
– frequent urination in small portions;
– Uncontrolled urination: the cat does not have time to reach the tray and relieves the need where necessary;
– pain during urination: in attempts to ease the pet worries and meows;
– the presence of blood in the urine,
– general symptoms: lethargy, anxiety, decreased appetite.
Idiopathic cystitis: causes
The exact reasons why the disease occurs are not identified. However, IC is usually correlated with malnutrition and stress.
Many owners note that the disturbing symptoms in their pet manifested themselves in a stressful situation. For example, after transportation or repair in an apartment, forcing a frightened cat to hide under the sofa.
The stress hormone triggers a circular chain reaction: sphincter spasm → overflow of the bladder → growth of the bacterial flora → irritation and damage to the epithelium of the walls of the bladder → pain syndrome → increased production of stress hormone → increased spasm.
Inappropriate nutrition, overweight and a sedentary lifestyle are also among the potential causes of IC development.
Prevention and treatment of idiopathic cystitis in cats
If you notice one or more signs of idiopathic cystitis in a cat, the only right decision is to consult a veterinarian as soon as possible. Self-medication is life threatening to a cat. In addition, by delaying you will only worsen the situation, giving the disease the opportunity to develop and causing the pet to suffer.
Only a specialist can diagnose the disease and prescribe the optimal treatment. He will examine the cat, conduct the necessary tests and provide recommendations that will make your pet feel better very soon.
The medication prescribed by the veterinarian will be aimed at eliminating the inflammatory process. And you, as the responsible owner, will have to deal with its possible causes, for example, cat anxiety, and maintain the right diet.
You can reduce anxiety with the help of special nutritional supplements. They are used both for the treatment of the disease and for its prevention, in cases where you expect a stressful situation for the pet. For example, an ambulance for idiopathic cystitis – the Cystophanum supplement acts as a mild sedative and protects the mucous membranes of the bladder from irritation. If the cat already suffers from IC, or any stressful situation is planned in the near future, just enter “Cystophan” in its diet. Also, special functional foods (e.g. Monge VetSolution Urinary Struvite for the treatment of diseases of the urinary system) help maintain a healthy urinary system. But the choice of diet is made exclusively under the supervision of the attending physician.
Be careful. Always keep the contact of a veterinarian close at hand and do not hesitate to contact him in case of questions.